SectionⅠListening Comprehension (25 minutes)
Directions: This section is designed to test your ability to understand spoken English. You will hear a selection of recorded materials and you must answer the questions that accompany them. There are two parts in this section, Part A and Part B.
Remember, while you are doing the test, you should first put down your answers in your test booklet. At the end of the listening comprehension section, you will have 3 minutes to transfer your answers from your test booklet onto your ANSWER SHEET 1.
If you have any questions, you may raise your hand. Now as you will not be allowed to speak once the test is started.
Now look at Part A in your test booklet.
Part A You will hear 10 short dialogues. For each dialogue, there is one question and four possible answers. Choose the correct answer—A, B, C or D, and mark it in your test booklet. You will have 15 seconds to answer the question and you will hear each dialogue ONLY ONCE.
1. Where is the woman from?
［A］ Sweden ［B］ Italy ［C］ Sylvia ［D］ Wales
2. Which one does the woman want to buy?
［A］ better quality, expensive one
［B］ cheaper one in this shop
［C］ cheaper one in another shop
［D］ better quality in this shop
3. Why is he going to talk to the lady over there?
［A］ Because he wants to know the time.
［B］ Because he wants to thank her.
［C］ Because his watch was lost.
［D］ Because the lady over there is waiting for him.
4. According to the dialogue, what kind of shirt is more expensive?
［A］ those made of wool
［B］ those made of nylon
［C］ those made of cotton
［D］ those made of silk
5. How does the woman feel at the end of the conversation?
［A］ angry ［B］ relieved ［C］ upset ［D］ sarcastic
6. What does the man mean?
［A］ The proofreading was better this time.
［B］ It will be an interesting job.
［C］ There will be more proofreading to do soon.
［D］ The job should be done as quickly as possible.
7. What does the woman say about Mary?
［A］ She s always running.
［B］ She s still in the race.
［C］ She feels very comfortable.
［D］ She still has a fever.
8. What does Linda mean?
［A］ At last she enjoys campus life.
［B］ School has changed little since last year.
［C］ She has many new friends.
［D］ It s easier to find his way around this year.
9. What does the man mean?
［A］ Bill is too tired to study any more.
［B］ He told Bill not to study late at night.
［C］ He had often advised Bill to study.
［D］ Bill didn’t t hear the alarm.
10. What does the woman mean?
［A］ She feels that the trip will take too long.
［B］ The students haven t chosen a professor.
［C］ Professor Goldsmith has to choose the destination first.
［D］ It s not certain the trip will take place.
Part B You are going to hear four conversations. Before listening to each conversation, you will have 5 seconds to r ead each of the questions which accompany it. After listening, you will have time to answer each question by choosing A, B, C or D. You will hear each conversation ONLY ONCE. Mark your answers in your test booklet.
Questions 11—13 are based on a lecture about education in America.
11. What controls the public schools of the United States?
［A］ the national government
［B］ the church authorities
［C］ the local communities
［D］ the state laws
12. How many percentage did the American young people graduate from high school by 1970?
［A］ forty percent
［B］ forty five percent
［C］ seventy percent
［D］ seventy five percent
13. Why is education made various in form in the United States?
［A］ Because students vary in needs.
［B］ Because schools offer different subjects.
［C］ Because teaching methods vary greatly.
［D］ Because there are different aids at school.
Questions 14—17 are based on a conversation you are going to hear.
14. Why did the man decide to go to the library?
［A］ One of his classes finished early.
［B］ He wanted to get some studying done.
［C］ The library had a special display on the Industrial Revolution.
［D］ His books were ten days overdue.
15. After getting the books, what did the man do?
［A］ checked them out
［B］ took notes on them
［C］ returned them to the shelves
［D］ put them in his book bag
16. According to the man, what happens to all the books in the library?
［A］ They are marked with colored labels.
［B］ They are specially coded.
［C］ They are checked out.
［D］ They are inspected by the guard.
17. According to the man, what does the librarian behind the desk do?
［A］ copies down the name and the address of each borrower
［B］ checks all books for missing pages
［C］ demagnetizes the books as they are checked out
［D］ helps students use the card catalog
Questions 18—21 are based on a conversation you are going to hear.
18. What does the man need to do at the travel agency?
［A］ purchase her plane ticket
［B］ change her plane ticket
［C］ pick up a passport application form
［D］ arrange for her accommodations in Europe
19. Why doesn’t t the woman want to give up her apartment entirely?
［A］ She doesn’t t have time to move.
［B］ She would have difficulty finding another apartment.
［C］ She s paid her rent for the summer in advance.
［D］ She doesn’t t want to paint another apartment.
20. How long would the women be in Europe?
［A］ three weeks ［B］ one month
［C］ three month ［D］ over a year
21. What will the woman most likely do about her apartment?
［A］ leave it vacant
［B］ rent it to the man she s talking with
［C］ sublet it to Jim Thomas
［D］ ask her landlord to sublet it
Questions 22—25 are based on a conversation you are going to hear .
22. Where does this conversation take place?
［A］ at a hotel
［B］ at a motel
［C］ at a restaurant
［D］ at a shopping centre
23. Why can the man and his family stay at this motel?
［A］ They have a reservation.
［B］ The motel has several vacancies.
［C］ They are friends of the owner.
［D］ Someone else cancelled a reservation.
24. When does the motel want its guests to pay?
［A］ before they arrive
［B］ while they register
［C］ when they reserve a room
［D］ just before their departure
25. What is the reason for the motel s policy on payments?
［A］ Some guests may not be honest.
［B］ The policy is required by law.
［C］ No.61 is a luxury unit.
［D］ The owners are simply greedy.
Section ⅡUse of English (15 minutes)
Directions: Read the following text. Choose the best word or phrase for each numbered blank and mark A, B, C, or D on your ANSWER SHEET 1.
Many teachers believe that the responsibilities for learning lie with the student. 26 a long reading assignment is given, instructors expect students to be familiar with the 27 in the reading even if they don t discuss it in class or take an exam. The 28 student is considered to be 29 who is motivated to learn for the sake of 30, not the one interested only in getting high grades. Sometimes homework is returned 31 brief written comments but without a grade. Even if a grade is not given, the student is 32 for learning the material assigned. When research is 33, the professor expects the student to take it actively and to complete it with 34 guidance. It is the 35 responsibility to find books, magazines, and articles in the library. Professors do not have the time to explain 36 a university library works; they expect students, 37 graduate students, to be able to exhaust the reference 38 in the library. Professors will help students who need it, but 39 that their students should not be 40 dependent on them. In the United States, professors have many other duties 41 teaching, such as administrative or research work. 42, the time that a professor can spend with a student outside of class is 43. If a student has problems with classroom work, the student should either 44 a professor during office hour 45 make an appointment.
26. ［A］ If［B］ Although ［C］ Because ［D］ Since
27. ［A］ suggestion［B］ context［C］ abstract［D］ information
28. ［A］ poor［B］ ideal［C］ average［D］ disappointed 中国教育热点网--------打造教育平台航母!-------Http://Www.EduHot.Com
29. ［A］ such［B］ one［C］ any［D］ some
30. ［A］ fun［B］ work［C］ learning［D］ prize
31. ［A］ by［B］ in［C］ for［D］ with
32. ［A］ criticized［B］ innocent［C］ responsible［D］dismissed
33. ［A］ collected［B］ distributed［C］ assigned［D］ finished
34. ［A］ maximum［B］ minimum［C］ possible［D］ practical
35. ［A］ student s［B］ professor s［C］ assistant s［D］ librarian s
36. ［A］ when［B］ what［C］ why［D］ how
37. ［A］ particularly［B］ essentially［C］ obviously［D］ rarely
38. ［A］ selections［B］ collections［C］ sources［D］ origins
39. ［A］ hate［B］ dislike［C］ like［D］ prefer
40. ［A］ too［B］ such［C］ much［D］ more
41. ［A］ but［B］ except［C］ with［D］ besides
42. ［A］ However［B］ Therefore［C］ Furthermore［D］ Nevertheless
43. ［A］ plentiful［B］ limited［C］ irregular［D］ flexible
44. ［A］ greet［B］ annoy［C］ approach［D］ attach
45. ［A］ or［B］ and［C］ to［D］ but
Section ⅢReading Comprehension (40 minutes)
Directions: Read the following three texts. Answer the questions on each text by choosing A, B, C or D. Mark your answer on the ANSWER SHEET by drawing a thick line across the corresponding letter in the brackets.
The dog, called Prince, was an intelligent animal and a slave to Williams. From morning till night, when Williams was at home, Prince never left his sight, practically ignoring all other members of the family. The dog had a number of clearly defined duties, for which Williams had patiently trained him and, like the good pupil he was, Prince lived for the chance to demonstrate his abilities.
When Williams wanted to put on his boots, he would murmur “Boots” and within seconds the dog would drop them at his feet. At nine every morning, Prince ran off to the general store in the village, returning shortly not only with Williams daily paper but with a half ounce packet of Williams favorite tobacco, John Rhiney s Mixed. A gundog by breed, Prince possessed a large soft mouth specially evolved for the safe carrying of hunted creatures, so the paper and the tobacco came to no harm, never even showing a tooth mark.
Williams was a railway man, an engine driver, and he wore a blue uniform which smelled of oil and oil fuel. He had to work at odd times —“days”, “late days” or “nights”. Over the years Prince got to know these periods of work and rest, knew when his master would leave the house and return, and the dog did not waste this knowledge. If Williams overslept, as he often did, Prince barked at the bedroom door until he woke, much to the annoyance of the family. On his return, Williams slippers were brought to him, the paper and tobacco too if previously undelivered.
A curious thing happened to Williams during the snow and ice of last winter. One evening he slipped and fell on the icy pavement somewhere between the village and his home. He was so badly shaken that he stayed in bed for three days; and not until he got up and dressed again did he discover that he had lost his wallet containing over fifty pounds. The house was turned upside down in the search, but the wallet was not found. However, two days later—that was five days after the fall—Prince dropped the wallet into William s hand. Very muddy, stained and wet through, the little case still contained fiftythree pounds, Williams driving license and a few other papers. Where the dog had found it no one could tell, but found it he had and recognized it probably by the faint oily smell on the worn leather.
46. How did the dog perform his duties?
［A］ He was delighted to show them off.
［B］ He did his best but was not often successful.
［C］ He did them quickly to get them over.
［D］ He had few opportunities to do them.
47. What does the passage tell us about gun dogs?
［A］ They are the fastest runners of all dogs.
［B］ Their teeth are removed when they are young.
［C］ They can carry birds, etc. without hurting them.
［D］ They breed well, producing many young dogs.
48. As a result of Williams work, _______.
［A］ he di d not get enough sleep
［B］ there was an oily smell from his clothes
［C］ the dog grew accustomed to traveling by train
［D］ the dog was confused about the time of the day
49. It upset Williams wife and family when_______ .
［A］ Williams had to go to work at night
［B］ the dog made too much noise in the house
［C］ Williams made them all get up early
［D］ the dog would not let them see the newspaper
50. Williams did not realize his loss for several days because_______ .
［A］ he trusted the dog to find the wallet
［B］ he was unconscious all that time
［C］ he thought the wallet was in the house
［D］ he had no occasion to feel in his pockets
About ten men in every hundred suffer from colour blindness in some way; women are luckier only about one in two hundred is affected in this manner. There are different forms of colour blindness. A man may not be able to see deep red.
He may think that red, orange and yellow are all shades of green. Sometimes a person cannot tell the difference between blue and green. In rare cases an unlucky man may see everything in shades of green—a strange world indeed.
In certain occupations color blindness can be dangerous and candidates are tested most carefully. For example, when fighting at night, soldiers use lights of flares to signal to each other. A green light may mean “Advance” and a red light may mean “Danger! Keep back!”, You can see what will happen if somebody thinks that red is green! Color blindness in human beings is a strange thing to explain. In a single eye there are millions of very small things called “cones”, these help to see in a bright light and to tell the difference between colors. There are also millions of “rods” but these are used for seeing when it is nearly dark. They show us shape but not color. Wait until it is dark tonight, then go outside. Look round you and try to see what colors you can recognize.
Birds and animals which hunt at night have eyes which contain few or no cones at all, so they cannot see colors. As far as we know, bats and adult owls cannot see colors at all only light and dark shapes. Similarly cats and dogs cannot see colors as well as we can.
Insects can see ultraviolet rays which are invisible to us, and some of them can even see X-rays. The wings of a moth may seem grey and dull to us, but to insects they may appear beautiful, showing colors which we cannot see. Scientists know that there are other colors around us which insects can see but which we cannot see. Some insects have favorite colors. Mosquitoes like blue, but do not like yellow. A red light will not attract insects but a blue lamp will.
51. Among people who suffer from color blindness, _______ .
［A］ some may see everything in shades of green
［B］ few can tell the difference between blue and green
［C］ few may think that red, orange and yellow are all shades of green
［D］ very few may think that everything in the world is in green
52. When millions of rods in our eyes are at work in darkness we can see_______.
［A］ colors only
［B］ shapes and colors
［C］ shapes only
［D］ darkness only
53. According to the passage, bats and adult owls cannot see colors_______.
［A］ because they hunt at night
［B］ because they cannot see light
［C］ because they have no cones and rods
［D］ because they have no cones
54. According to the passage, dogs and cats_______.
［A］ as well as human beings can not see some colors
［B］ have fewer cones than human beings
［C］ have less rods than human beings
［D］ can see colors as well as human beings
55. Which of the following is not true about insects?
［A］ Insects can see more colors than human beings.
［B］ Insects can see ultraviolet rays which are invisible to men.
［C］ All insects have their favorite colors.
［D］ The world is more colorful to insects than to human beings.
A child who has once been pleased with a tale likes, as rule, to have it retold in identically the same words, but this should not lead parents to treat printed fairy stories as sacred texts. It is always much better to tell a story than read it out of a book, and, if a parent can produce what, in the actual circumstances of the time and the individual child, is an improvement on the printed text, so much the better.
A charge made against fairy tales is that they harm the child by frightening him or arousing his sadistic impulses. To prove the latter, one would have to show in a controlled experiment that children who have read fairy stories were more often guilty of cruelty than those who had not. Aggressive, destructive, sadistic impulses every child has and, on the whole, their symbolic verbal discharge seems to be rather a safety valve than an incitement to overt action. As to fears, there are, I think, well authenticated cases of children being dangerously terrified by some fairy stories. Often, however, this arises from the child having heard the story once. Familiarity with the story by repetition turns the pain of fear into the pleasure of a fear faced and mastered.
There are also people who object to fairy stories on the grounds that they are not objectively true, that giants, witches, two-headed dragons, magic carpets, etc., do not exist; and that, instead of indulging his fantasies in fairy tales, the child should be taught how to adapt to reality by studying history and mechanics. I find such people, I must confess, so unsympathetic and peculiar that I do not know how to argue with them. If their case were sound, the world should be full of madmen attempting to fly from New York to Philadelphia on a broomstick or covering a telephone with kisses in the belief that it was their enchanted girl friend. 中国教育热点网--------打造教育平台航母!-------Http://Www.EduHot.Com
No fairy story ever claimed to be a description of the external world and no sane child had ever believed that it was.
56. In the writer s opinion, a fairy tale _______.
［A］ cannot be read to children without variation because they find no pleasure in it
［B］ will be more effective if it is adapted by parents
［C］ must be made easy so that children can read it on their own
［D］ is no longer needed in developing children s power of memory
57. According to the passage, some people who are openly against fairy tales argue that _______.
［A］ fairy tales are harmful to children in that they show the primitive cruelty in children
［B］ fairy tales are harmful to children unless they have been adapted by their parent
［C］ fairy tales increase a tendency to sadism in children
［D］ children who have read fairy stories pay little attention to the study of history and mechanics
58. In the writer s opinion to rid children of fears, fairy stories should be.
［A］ told only once
［B］ repeated many times
［C］ told in a realistic setting
［D］ presented vividly
59. In the writer s opinion, fairy stories .
［A］ have a very bad effect on children
［B］ have advantages in cultivating children’s imagination
［C］ help children to come to terms with fears
［D］ harm children greatly
60. According to the passage, which of the following statement is not true about fairy stories?
［A］ If children indulged his fantasies in fairy tales instead of being taught how to adapt to reality by studying history and mechanics the world should be full of madman.
［B］ Children can often be greatly terrified when the fairy story is heard for the first time.
［C］ Fairy tales may beneficially direct children s aggressive, destructive and sadistic impulses.
［D］ Fairy tales are no more than stories about imaginary figures with magical powers which has nothing to do with external world.
Directions: Read the texts from an article in which five people talked about smoking. For questions 61 to 65, match the name of each person (1 to 5) to one of the statements (A to G) given below. Mark your answers on your ANSWER SHEET.
If you smoke and you still don t believe that there s a definite link between smoking and bronchial troubles, heart disease and lung cancer, then you are certainly deceiving yourself. Just have a look at those people in hospital with these diseases and count how many of them do not smoke, you may be surprised at the number. Even these few people might be passive smokers without realising it.
Tobacco is a wonderful commodity to tax. It s almost like a tax on our daily bread. In tax revenue alone, the government of Britain collects enough from smokers to pay for its entire educational facilities. So while the authorities point out ever so carefully that smoking may be harmful, it doesn’t t do to shout too loudly about it.
The advertising of tobacco is one of the problems. We are never shown pictures of real smokers coughing up their lings early in the morning. That would never do. The advertisements always depict handsome, clean-shaven young men. They suggest it is manly to smoke, even positively healthy! Smoking is associated with the great open-air life, with beautiful girls, true love and togetherness.
What utter nonsense!
Of course tobacco can help government to raise money. However, while money is eagerly collected in vast sums with one hand, it is paid out in increasingly vaster sums with the other. Enormous amounts are spent on cancer research and on efforts to cure people suffering from the disease. Countless valuable lives are lost. In the long run, there is no doubt that everybody would be much better off if smoking were banned altogether.
Smoking can provide constant consolation. When I feel worried or nervous, I just get a cigarette and everything seem to get right. After a day s hard work, the thing I want to do most is smoking. It can be even better with a cup of coffee. It s so enjoyable and relaxing that it relieves stresses of every day life. So why bother to ban it and take the pleasure from us.
Now match each of the people (1 to 5) to the appropriate statement.
Note: there are two extra statements.
［A］ Smoking brings many psychological benefits.
［B］ Tobacco is an important source of income to the government.
［C］ Smoking is sure to cause diseases.
［D］ It s a short-sighted policy to depend on tobacco for money.
［E］ The advertisement for it is dishonest and harmful.
［F］ The tobacco industry makes high-quality advertisement for smoking.
［G］ It s doubtful whether there is link between smoking and cancer.
Section Ⅳ Writing (40 minutes)
You should write your responses to both parts on ANSWER SHEET 1.
You go to the railway station to meet one of your friends, and the train has not arrived yet, so you have to leave him a note on the clipboard, from which he will learn how to find you.
Read the following material and write a short essay of about 150 words under the title“Should Men Be Forced by Law to Do Half the Housework?”
The Austrian parliament will shortly be considering a draft law designed to compensate women after a divorce if their former husbands never helped them with the housework.
Last week the German Green Party went even further, demanding a new law to make couples share the chores fifty-fifty if both partners were at work. The German paper Bild said a third of German women did all the housework on their own.
Academics here in Britain talked of reversing what they called the “Allerednic effect”—that s “Cinderella” backwards—in which a prince marries a princess and turns her into a scullery-maid.
So is it time for men to clean up their act? Or should the lawmakers leave it all well alone?
Joining Laurence Zavriew for the Europewide debate are from Rome the Italian journalist Carlo di Blasio, and in the Netherlands Kerstin Schweighoefer, correspondent of the German newsmagazine focus.
Section Voral Test (10 minutes)
Part 1 (3 minutes)
Interlocutor: Good morning. My name is... and this is my colleague... . She/He is going to listen to us.
Would you please tell me your candidate numbers, so I can check them, please? First of all, I d like to know something about you. So, I m going to ask you some questions.
Part 2 (3 minutes)
Interlocutor: I d like you to have a dialogue based on the information given below. Try to imagine the situation as if you were one of the two.
场景(Situation): A male meets a girl in a party. The girl stands there alone for a short period. And the man comes up to her and says hello and introduces himself to her.
Part 3 (4 minutes)
Interlocutor: Have you ever taken part in some organizations or parties your friends have held? I mean, do you belong to any organization? Try to give us a description. Remember you are given only 4 minutes.
1. ［B］本题的干扰项很能迷惑人。经仔细地听，会知道第二说话人是意大利人 (I am Italian.), 所以她来自意大利 (Italy)。2. ［C］对话中说“这家商店的夹克质量好”，而“另一家商店的便宜”。第二说话人认为另一家商店的便宜，说明她中意于那家商店的。故选C。
4. ［C］本题出现了“cotton”, “wool”, “nylon”这些干扰词，但是关键只有两句话“Are those made of cotton more expensive?” “Yes, that s right. ”听懂了这句话，问 题便迎刃而解了。
6. ［D］本题的关键在于理解“the sooner the better”的含义，即越快越好，故选D。
7. ［D］“running a temperature”即“having a fever”意思是“发烧”。
8. ［B］“Much the same as last”：跟过去差不多。所以 Linda 的意思是：学校生活没有太多变化。
9. ［C］由对话中“I warned him many times, but he wouldn’t listen. ”可得出答案。
10. ［D］“Whether or not there ll even be a field trip has to be decided first”告诉我们“实地考察还有待决定”，故选D。
问题的答案可从下面三句话中得出：“The public schools of the United States are not controlled by the national government nor by church authorities but by the local communities themselves. ” “75% were graduating from high school. ” “Education is made various in form, to meet the students various needs.”
根据对话内容，本段对话的第一道问题可由下面这句话得出答案：“Dr. Brown s class finished ten minutes early, so I went to the library between classes. ” “So I put them (books) in my book bag. ”告诉了我们第二道题的答案。
第三、四道题的答案分别可从下面这两句话得出：“The books in the library are all magnetically coded”和“The librarian behind the desk demagnetizes them.
26. ［A］ 此处if意为“如果”，引导条件状语从句。
27. ［D］ suggestion意为“建议”，“暗示”，“启发”；context意为“上下文”，“(文章的)前后关系”；abstract意为“摘要”，“概括”；以上三词均与本句意思不相符； information 在此处意为“知识”，全句意为：“指导教师期望学生了解所读材料中所讲的知识，即使他们不做课堂讨论或测验”。
28. ［B］ ideal 在此处意为“理想的”，“称心如意的”；其余三个词均不符合本句的语义逻辑。
29. ［B］这是“ one ”用作代词时的一种常见用法。 类似例子如：He was one who never troubled about his personal comfort. He behaves like one who has gone mad.
30. ［C］ 根据上下文只有C符合本句意思；for the sake of意为“为了……之好处”，“ 出于……之兴趣”。
31. ［D］ “With brief written comments”正好与后面的“Without a grade”相对，意即“附有书面评语却不打分”。
32. ［C］ be responsible for... 意为“有责任做……”，“对……有责任”，“有义务做……”；其余三项均与本句毫不相干。
33. ［C］ A、D可以首先排除；assign和distribute均有“分配”之意，但此处assign比distribute更明确地意为“分配/分派(任务、工作给某人)”。
34. ［B］ 根据句义判断，C、D可以首先予以排除；maximum(最大量的，最大限度的)与minimum(最 小量的，最低程度的)为一对反义词，此处minimum符合逻辑。
35. ［A］ 本文讨论的是有关教与学的问题，与librarian和assistant无关；就教授和学生而言，本文明显地认为学生应当自己去利用图书馆找资料。
36. ［D］ “how a university library works”意为“大学图书馆是如何运作的”。
37. ［A］ particularly 此处意为“特别是”，“尤其是”；其余三个词essentially“本质上，基本上”，obviously“明显地，显而易见地”，rarely“难得，很少，极好地”均不符合本句意思。
38. ［C］ “reference sources”意为“参考书的出处”或“(原始)参考资料”。
39. ［D］ A、B可以排除，因为这样的情况不太可能；like意为“比较喜欢”，即prefer, choose, 但不能跟宾语从句；prefer意为“较喜欢”，“宁愿”，意即choose rather, like better可跟宾语从句。
40. ［A］ 此处 too 是表示程度的副词，意为“过于，太”。
41. ［D］ C可以首先排除；besides, except和but均可译成“除了”，但besides与except, but的含义却完全不同：besides意为“in addition to”，“as well as”，意即“除……之外还”；except, but意为“not including”，“but not”，意即“除去……”，“但……不包括，不在内”；本句的意思是：“教授们除了教学工作之外还有其他许多任务”，而不是“教授们有许多其他任务就是不教学”。42. ［B］ therefore是副词，意为“为此”，“因此”。
43. ［B］ 根据上下文语义，B为最佳答案。
44. ［C］ 此处 approach 意为“与(某人)接洽或交涉”；其余三个词的意思与本句无关。
45. ［A］ 此处是either... or... 句型的使用，意为“或者…… 或者……”。
46. ［A］ 文章第一段第三句话告诉我们这只狗有几项明确的职责，它利用机会来显示它的才能“ demonstrate his abilities ”，show off正是demonstrate的意思。
48. [B] 文章的第二段第一句说Williams是铁路工人，机车司机，他穿的蓝色制服上有股油味，故选B。
49. ［B］文章第二段倒数第 二句说，Williams经常睡过头，这时，Prince就会在他的卧室外不停地叫，直到把他叫醒，这一点让他的家人很烦。所以选B。
50. ［D］这道题的答案需要从第三段中推理，这一段告诉我们William因为摔了一跤，在床上躺了三天，直到他起来能再穿衣服的时候他才发现钱包丢了。“got up and dressed again”中的“again”一词说明了在这三天内他一直没能起床穿衣，自然也就没机会摸衣服口袋了，这就是他这几天一直没意识到钱包丢了的原因。
54. ［B］这是道推断题，文章第四段最后一句说，猫和狗识别颜色的能力不如人类，而前文又说了不能识别颜色是因为椎状细胞少，由此，我们可以推出猫和狗的椎状细胞不如人类多。这里易误选的是A答案，注意文中的as well as是不如……好的意思，是比较级的as... as形式，不是作为“也”意思讲的短语“as well as”。
56. ［B］答案可从第一段第二句中推出。“produce what, in the actual circumstances of the time and the individual child, is an improvement on the printed text”指的就是对童话加以改编。
57. ［C］文中第二段第一句中的“arousing his sadistic impulses”即是答案所在，这里指的就是“唤起暴虐的欲望”。
58. ［B］在第二段倒数第一、二句中作者解释了孩子们恐惧的原因，并讲述了消除这种恐惧的方法，即“by repetition”。
65. ［A］Bernice对吸烟持肯定态度，他认为吸烟能使他消除紧张，进行放松。他所说的感受，即“worried” “nervous”等都是从心理角度来说的，所以总结起来，可以说他认为吸烟可以带来心理方面的益处。
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Should Men Be Forced by Law to Do Half the Housework?
It is really ridiculous that the Australian parliament was to lay down a law to force human being to do the housework. I can t reason out anything to explain that a government should meddle in the family life. In my opinion, nobody can divide equally the housework into two parts and tell what a man or a woman should do in a family.
Husband and Wife, enjoying the same right in a family, give their deep seated love to each other. On the one hand, Wife has no obligation to shoulder the heavy burden of all the housework. Neither does Husband. On the other hand, if they deal with the housework as the businessman does in a market, the family will come to its end. When one is at home, the other is still working outside, why doesn’t t he or she prepare everything for him or her and give him or her a sense of having a family? Why not comfort him or her if he or she comes back exhaustedly? Why do you just force Husband to do half? Why not the whole if he is free? If he loves his wife, is it necessary to force him?
Therefore, it is not reasonable for any institution to interfere in a private life. It is not necessary to force Husband to do half of housework.
这是一个材料作文，考生可以使用材料中的语言，但不宜过多。可以使用其中的语言观点，但只是一个辅助的部分，不能占有重要的位置，可以用它们来支持说明自己的观点。第一段考生应该清楚明白地说明自己的观点：“... nobody can divide equally the housework into two parts and tell what a man or a woman should do in a family”。结尾做总结时点题，“It is not necessary to force Husband to do half of housework”。